The Different Lives of Amelia Earhart

The Reality of Amelia Earhart Versus 'Freedom of the Press'

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
Misguided Efforts To Solve The Earhart Mystery
About Tod Swindell
The Most 'Important' Amelia Earhart Disappearance Investigations From Years Gone By
Comparing Amelia Earhart To Irene O'Crowley Craigmile (Surname 'Bolam' added in 1958)
About The Irene-Amelia Forensic Analysis Results
The Reality of Amelia Earhart Versus 'Freedom of the Press'
The Amelia Earhart We Barely Knew...
What President Roosevelt Knew, What The FBI Knew, & Amelia's Sister On Her friend, 'Irene'
The Truthful Words Of Monsignor James Francis Kelley About Amelia Earhart
About The 'Original' Irene Craigmile
The Universal Truth About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart: A True Story
Yellow Journalism Tried To Hide The Truth In 1982
Reality Check: The 'Missing Person Case' Of Amelia Earhart

2020 Amelia Earhart Vision

 The Reality of Amelia Earhart
Versus 'Freedom of the Press'

The U.S. national press circuit never contested the post-war only Irene's, "I am not Amelia Earhart" offering.


Above: The post-World War Two only 'Irene Craigmile' in 1977. She was not the original Irene Craigmile, Amelia's 1930s acquaintance. It turned out she actually was the former Amelia Earhart. By now this reality has grown to be obvious. Presently, though, the U.S. federal government continues to remain quiet about it--leaving the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society no choice but to influence the public not to pay attention to it.

The Reality of Amelia Earhart
Versus 'Freedom of the Press'
How the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile-Bolam's, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart" statement she made to the press--combined with her five-year defamation lawsuit--kept her from having to reveal her former identity.

By Tod Swindell

© 2020

In the United States, “Freedom of the Press” is protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution. It is intended to prevent the government from interfering with the distribution of information and opinions. Here's how it reads:

Amendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

There are caveats to the amendment for defamation or libel law, a lack of protection for whistle-blowers, the U.S. Federal Government's right to disallow public access to potentially compromising information regarding foreign relations or national security, and constraints caused by public hostility to journalists.

Heavy-handed (often 'pseudo') authorities whom pontificate on certain 'national news' subject matters--and demonstrate loyalty to the U.S. federal government's viewpoint while doing so--sometimes influence or outright stifle 'freedom of the press' reporting. (Think 'national news lobbyists.')

An effort to steer the news media in a politically correct direction might be referred to as, 'playing ball with Uncle Sam.' Hindsight recalls examples of this occurring during the Watergate scandal and the Pentagon Papers leak, until the news white-washing efforts fell apart as justice prevailed.

With all that has been learned about it in decades gone by, it is clear the same kind of practice became standardized toward the topic Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance and missing person case.

Or try looking at it this way: The U.S. federal government's strong double-play combination of the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society has never failed to 'turn two' anytime an 'Earhart truth' batter reached first base. The reason has to do with one of the caveats mentioned above: A right to disallow public access to potentially compromising information regarding foreign relations or national security.

To explain how Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome applied to such a caveat, we need to go back to August of 1945, when Japan surrendered to the allied forces just days after the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Following its capitulation, a post-war pact between Japan the United States was forged to cover the reality of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome. Initially, three of the main players were the U.S. Army's General Douglas MacArthur, Japan's Emperor Hirohito, and the U.S. federal government's FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover.

By way of said 'pact' the reality of Amelia Earhart's disappearance was to indefinitely remain status-quo as viewed by both countries. It left it where, unless the U.S. federal fovernment was to direct Japan to join forces with it in an effort to 'come clean' about what really happened to Earhart and Noonan in early July of 1937, (and afterward) then the conveyance that they 'disappeared without a trace' in 1937, and were left for 'dead' would always remain. To not conceptualize the veracity of this statement is to not be familiarized with the recorded facts of their premature world flight ending and Japan's involvement with it. As U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz admitted years ago, it was "known and documented in Washington" that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were "picked up" by Japan in the Marshall Islands. Most anyone who was aware of this, however, including Admiral Nimitz, remained uncertain of what became of the duo after they were sequestered under Japan's stewardship.

Here, consider the boxed quote below from aviation historians, Marilyn Bender and Selig Altschull's 1982 book, The Chosen Instrument. As well, underneath it is a sample from a 1987 commemorative stamp series issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Recall how the Marshall's had existed under Japan's governing authority from the end of World War One until the end of World War Two. Then next to the stamp, find a 2002 quote from its U.N. Ambassador, Alfred Capelle, who commented on the way his country commonly recalled Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan's flight ending before they were rescued:

"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington and Tokyo, leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan an everlasting mystery." 1982, aviation historians, Marylin Bender and Selig Altschul on the 1937 disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart, quoted from their book, The Chosen Instrument.



Here, it is imperative to recall how the missing person case of Amelia Earhart was closed when she was declared 'dead in absentia' in early 1939. A few months before she was, Fred Noonan had been declared 'dead in absentia' as well. It is important to remember this because to this day said 'dead in absentia' declarations have never been reversed. That's the U.S. federal government's basic legal viewpoint of it. So the still maintained official viewpoint by the U.S. federal government is this: Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan went missing in July of 1937 and less that two years later they were both legally presumed to be dead. End of story.

Cut to the 1971-1975 lawsuit that ended by summary judgment; the one that listed Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam [AKA, 'the former Amelia Earhart'] versus the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, writer Joe Klaas, and investigator Joseph A. Gervais. In her case against them, Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam's high-powered attorney, Benedict Ginsberg, resorted to a recently established legal precedent to justify the former Amelia Earhart's defamation case against the defendants.

The legal precedent was drawn from the New York Times vs. Sullivan in 1964, where the Supreme Court ruled when a publication involves a public figure, to support a suit for libel, the plaintiff [Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam in this case, who instantly became a public figure when a nationally published book outed her as the former Amelia Earhart] bears the burden of proving that the publisher acted with malice by not exercising due diligence that would have identified the inaccuracy of a statement or statements, and thus exhibited a reckless disregard for the truth.

In Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam's case, she and her attorney did not sue McGraw-Hill, Joe Klaas, and Joseph A. Gervais for asserting she was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.'  Rather, they came up with a strategy reliant on the above precedent--and it enabled them to prove her defamation case by citing 'reckless and misleading information' presented in McGraw-Hill's 1970 published book, Amelia Earhart Lives. While the book had correctly asserted Irene Craigmile-Bolam's post-World War Two existence as the former Amelia Earhart who had assumed a different identity, an assertion based on five-years of investigative research conducted by Joseph A. Gervais, the book was written and published without her cooperation, endorsement, or authorization. She and her attorney were therefore able to pick it apart and in the process the identified falsehoods, misconceptions, suppositions, and several awry suggestions the book contained, and so much became its undoing.



Amelia Earhart


Amelia and her future 'Irene' self combined


The former Amelia Earhart living as the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile at her 1970 press conference. She had no choice but to deny her famous past.


Above: When this article ran on July 24, 1974 (Amelia Earhart's 77th birthday) few appeared to notice the significance of how four years into her libel suit against publisher McGraw-Hill and the authors of the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, the question over who Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam really was, or used to be, was still, "up in the air."



One libelous example cited in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, was where it incorrectly referred to the post-war only Irene Craigmile-Bolam's (FKA Amelia Earhart) later-life husband, Englishman, Guy Bolam, as her "alleged" husband, thus implying she had been living with him out of wedlock. The book also stated, (recklessly, without providing evidence of it) how in the 1960s, the couple had lived on some property in New Jersey that belonged to Floyd Odlum, a co-financier of Amelia's last flight. 

Another example that was revealing of her personal acknowledgement of herself as the 'former' Amelia Earhart, was where she and her attorney cited the book's implication that she was perhaps a "traitor to her country" by postulating she may have lived comfortably in Japan's Imperial Palace during the World War Two years.

Lastly, the book also implied she might have had something to do with the infamous 'Tokyo Rose' war-time radio broadcasts, that only further stoked her ire.

Because Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam was able to present she and her recently deceased British husband, Guy Bolam's 1958 marriage license to prove they had been legally married, and where there was no proof to the allegation of her possibly having resided in Japan's Imperial Palace during the war years--or to the allegation that she had possibly been involved with the Tokyo Rose scenario, the New York Supreme Court handily ruled in her favor.

Therefore, after five-years the case ended when its summary judgment particulars were rendered: McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam $60,000 for the non-supported insinuations the book Amelia Earhart Lives contained. Oddly enough, however, she settled her case against Joe Klaas and Joseph A. Gervais, by complying with a stipulation that stated ten-dollars of consideration was to be exchanged between them. [This kind of 'equal consideration exchange' settlement may be advised when summary judgments consider the finality 'a draw.']

Accordingly, Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam agreed to the even exchange after Joseph A. Gervais asked his attorney to request her fingerprints; a request she ultimately refused to comply with to prove her identity. It was also true that her original defamation suit had requested over a million dollars in damages. In essence, by refusing to submit her fingerprints to prove she was not the former Amelia Earhart, she spared Joseph A. Gervais and Joe Klaas from having to pay her anything at all.

It is further interesting to note that whenever Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam denied herself to be Amelia Earhart in the present tense, technically she was telling the truth since she had legally been known as "Irene" for a quarter century by 1970. However, it is on record that when she was asked by a later-life good friend of hers, LPGA promoter, Peter Busatti, if she used to be Amelia Earhart (?) she replied by saying, "When I die you'll find out." [Note: In 1982, Peter Busatti went on record when he said his friend, Irene, was a "dead ringer" for Amelia Earhart and he sometimes wondered if she actually used to be the world famous pilot.]

Another curious reality exists where few if any individuals from within the public realm today are aware of when the former Amelia Earhart actually died. In 1982, a photo of the surrogate mother of the original Irene Craigmile's son, who had been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity the former Amelia Earhart was after World War Two, appeared on the cover of Irene Craigmile-Bolam's Memorial Dinner program. The photo had been supplied by her son, who positively identified her as his 'late mother.' No one caught it back then, but the Irene Craigmile-Bolam whose photo appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives (the former AE) was recognizable with the naked eye, beyond the way it was forensically realized later, as a different human being than the one who appeared on the 1982 Memorial Dinner program cover. This is true, even though history claimed them to have been one in the same person:  




Above: The two different post-World War Two individuals who were attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile-Bolam' identity. The one on the left was the former Amelia Earhart in 1965, as she appeared with her British husband in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives, a book she and her lawyer successfully fought to have withdrawn. The one on the right, featured on the memorial dinner program cover, was the surrogate mother of the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son. She died in 1982. In 2006 and again in 2014 she was positively identified by her son as as the mother he recalled in both younger and older forms. She looked nothing like Amelia Earhart.

Wrapping it up, Amelia Earhart became 'a missing person' in 1937, and she was declared 'dead in absentia' in 1939. Yet she actually continued to quietly live-on and in time she assumed the left over identity of Irene Craigmile, a 1930s acquaintance of hers.
Joseph A. Gervais discovered this truth in the mid-1960s, although it was never put to the acid test until after the forensic comparison study commenced in 1997. When the comprehensive study was finally completed in 2017, its stark results became too hard to deny, let alone ignore:



Below: The same human being shown with different names in different eras. As hard as this is for some to believe, it really is that simple to explain.





Shown again below at her November of 1970 press conference where she, 'handled the press like a pro.' Necessarily, she denied she was Amelia Earhart in the present tense even though she used to be the famous person of that name.


"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous." A quote from famous pilot, Jackie Cochran, recalling her friend, Amelia Earhart. Jackie also mentioned that during the year Amelia was prepping for her world flight she was, "closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Jackie's husband, Floyd Odlum, helped finance Amelia's 1937 world flight effort.


November, 1970, the former Amelia Earhart, AKA 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam' was ready to take on the press in order to preserve her dignity and the heroic legacy of who she used to be.


"I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart." Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam was convincing when she stated this at her press conference in response to the assertion made by Joseph A. Gervais, featured in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives (shown above in the foreground.) Although her present-tense denial was accepted then, decades later a thorough analysis of her background revealed that she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s. This was furthered by physical and character trait alignments that delivered it to a state of 'obvious' where she had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'

"In 1970, after the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile was outed as the former Amelia Earhart, her future would have been significantly compromised had she publicly acknowledged her famous past. So much explaining, to include on a certain international level, would have been demanded. This is why going forward after 1970, hindsight reveals she did the right thing by denying her true past anytime someone tried to pin her down about it." Tod Swindell 



Amelia Earhart


With Amelia's and the post-war only Irene's head-to-toe physical beings and character traits, The Forensic Comparison Study realized a complete match.




The post-World War Two only, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, FKA 'Earhart'




Amelia Earhart


Amelia and Amelia as 'Irene' in 1970


Above, the former Amelia Earhart living as 'Irene' in 1976.

"I had a career as a pilot once, Major, but I gave all that up years ago." 1965 quote from the post-World War Two only Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam, FKA 'Amelia Earhart' as spoken to Major Joseph A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.) Above photo taken in Jamaica in 1976. (Courtesy of the Diana Dawes collection.)






Above: Amelia Earhart. Below: Amelia Earhart and her later life self of 'Irene' combined.

1923, 1978
1933, 1965
1928, 1963
1932, 1976
1928, 1977



Right, Amelia Earhart, age 31...


...superimposed into...


...her later-life self, proudly adorning her wings, Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam [No 'ordinary housewife']


Above: A sentence excerpted from a 12/27/44 dated document found in the fifty-nine page, "World War Two FBI file" on Amelia Earhart. The full two-page document referenced a detailed interview between an FBI agent and a former POW who had survived the infamous Bataan Death March, and then narrowly escaped after his Japanese military POW transport ship was struck and came apart off the coast of the Philippines. The soldier described how just before the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack while he was stationed in the Philippines, he had gleaned information from Japanese personnel there, "to the effect" that Amelia Earhart had survived her 1937 world flight ending and was transported to Tokyo where she was being held at a hotel. The file was released after the FOIA went into effect. The particular excerpt above refers to when the soldier was a POW and part-time worked as a typist for a Japanese intelligence officer, who the soldier mentioned was "taken back" when he asked the officer about Amelia Earhart (incorrectly spelled "Earhardt") prompting the officer to reply that he could not say anything beyond, "Don't worry about her well being, she is perfectly all right." Both the soldier's name and the FBI agent's name were blacked out by the FBI throughout the document before it was released via the FOIA. [Note: Several documents in the complete fifty-nine page file referenced information pointing to the continued survivals of both Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, and descriptions pertaining to where their plane likely ended up.]

The former Amelia Earhart in Yugoslavia in 1976

A Remarkable Twenty-Year Journey
From the mid-1990s on, Tod Swindell analyzed and expounded on the previous investigative research efforts of Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Vincent Loomis, Randall Brink, Donald Moyer Wilson, and Rollin Reineck. Each had devoted decades to unconvering the non-conveyed realities of Amelia Earhart's last flight, with their individual efforts resulting in the following published works:

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
A Best Seller; concluded Amelia went down in the Marshall Islands and ended up in Japan's custody.
1970 Joe Klaas book re: Joe Gervais' investigation
A best seller, concluded Amelia survived WWII in Japan's custody and later assumed a new identity

Don Wilson's 1993 book, Amelia Earhart Lost Legend
Cited numerous Marshall Islands accounts re: Amelia's survival under Japan's stewardship

By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
The first book to promote the new millennium forensic work of Tod Swindell

Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
Proved a White House cover-up; concluded Amelia ended up in the Marshalls and continued to survive

The Vincent Loomis account... 1985
Also concluded Amelia ended up going down in the Marshall Islands

To those who dismissed or buried the above credible accounts in pursuit of pecuniary interests:
'There is only one truth.'


Note: Do not succumb to the misguided offerings of Amelia Earhart plane-hunting, or 'mystery hyping' cottage industries such as TIGHAR, Nauticos, Chasing Earhart and the like. Over the years a number of privately run, 'glitzy' looking clubs intent on pecuniary interests have promoted misleading ideas about Amelia's 1937 flight ending to the general public. Their common effort only managed to confuse the public when it came to the non-publicized reality of Amelia Earhart's post-loss, ongoing survival as 'Irene.' Amelia Earhart 'cottage industries' such as these recognized a way to claim a kind of 'vocational proprietary stance' where public interest in Amelia's last flight inspired their objective to receive donations from those less informed about it. They tend to exist as non-profit organizations and some actually have happened on some interesting wrecks while searching for Amelia's plane, but they originally built their company profiles, some decades ago, by exploiting the so-called "mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance" to their financial advantages, well before the forensic analysis solved Amelia's 'missing person case' in the new millennium. Those who run these particular cottage industries, especially the ones that are primarily devoted to 'finding Amelia's plane' legally pay themselves handsome wages from the donations they receive through the non-profict organizations they created, and this practice really needs to stop.
People tend to be hopeful when they here the call of a new Amelia Earhart mystery solving claim, and some have donated huge sums of money over the years reliant on their beliefs in, 'we feel we know where her plane ended up' offerings. It is imperative to identify here, that Amelia recalled the last time she saw her plane, even while she was living as 'Irene' in her later life years, and it certainly wasn't resting somewhere on a deep ocean floor when she did. TS      

About The Swindell Study
The Swindell Study [1997-2020; copyright registrations: TXu 1-915-926 & TXu 2-061-539] is an Investigative Journalist's forensic research evaluation combined with a human comparison analysis. The Study was orchestrated and chiefly executed by Tod Swindell, an independent researcher who developed a consuming interest in the facts attributed to Amelia Earhart's disappearance and missing person case. The complete Study consists of over ten-thousand pages and features rare documents, analytical text, photographs, comparisons, maps, charts, and past-obscured but again revisited investigative research findings. The condensed MSS features 415 total pages; 110 of which contain logistical and visual elements drawn from the 'Amelia to Irene' Comparison Analysis. The Study elaborates on--and plainly exhibits Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence after World War Two with the re-purposed name of, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.' (Surname of 'Bolam' added in 1958.) It also examined the post-war reasoning that left the general public out of the loop of Amelia's ongoing existence with a different name. Simply put, Amelia Earhart was declared 'dead in absentia' in 1939, and the intention after the war, as co-endorsed by the former Amelia Earhart herself and her only sibling, her sister, Muriel, was for it to always remain that way. The complete Study is available for review on a selective basis.
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